This fabulous piece is from Italy. It even still has the original price tag at the bottom from the antique shop. It was purchased in. This shoe form dates to the mid to late 1800s and I believe is made of vulcanized rubber or some form of a hard substance. I believe that these were used by cobblers for their apprentices to show their skill and shoe creation. If the cobbler deemed you worthy, they would teach you. This is the story that came along with the little shoe. Told him me bye the daughter of the woman who owned it. I’ve done some research and have found that this may be accurate. It’s a fabulous little shoe nonetheless very decorative. It measures six and three-quarter inches long by about 3 inches tall. It is not perfect. There are some chips , but all in all it’s in excellent condition.